4-H professionals implementing problem-based learning and other minimally guided instruction techniques in science, technology, engineering, and math education often do so with learners working in small groups, a strategy that allows learners to construct knowledge through social interactions. However, educators who implement these techniques without an understanding of human cognitive architecture risk confusing the teaching of a discipline as inquiry with the teaching of the discipline by inquiry. The assumption that knowledge is learned best through experience does not account for the difference between experts who are practicing a profession and students who are learning to practice a profession.
Hill, P., & Schmutz, A. (2019). The Problem with Teaching Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math as Inquiry Versus by Inquiry. Journal of Extension, 57(5), Article 2. https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/joe/vol57/iss5/2