As youth development programs established in the United States expand globally, researchers must evaluate their impacts in diverse contexts. The work described in this article established a baseline for assessing the impact of a 4-S youth program at professional technical high schools in Costa Rica. The 4-S program is equivalent to 4-H in English-speaking countries. Results indicate that members of the 4-S program exhibited significantly higher levels of positive youth development than youths in the comparison group (p < .001). We consider how these findings speak to the importance of promoting programs such as 4-S, and we conclude by discussing the implications of this work for practitioners.
Lopes, S., Geldhof, G. J., Bowers, E. P., & Thogmartin, A. (2018). 4-S Positive Youth Development in Latin America: Professional Schools in Costa Rica. The Journal of Extension, 56(1), Article 26. https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/joe/vol56/iss1/26