New Extension educators experience a steep learning curve when attempting to develop effective Extension programs. Formative evaluation is helpful to new, and experienced, Extension educators in determining the changes necessary for making programs more effective. Formative evaluation is an essential part of program evaluation. However, its use has been overlooked by Extension educators due to overemphasis on outcomes evaluation for accountability. Extension educators must develop evaluation tools with questions appropriate for determining program weaknesses and strengths and identifying changes necessary for improvement. This article describes how to develop formative evaluation questions for program improvement.
Jayaratne, K. S. (2016). Tools for Formative Evaluation: Gathering the Information Necessary for Program Improvement. Journal of Extension, 54(1), Article 7. https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/joe/vol54/iss1/7