The study reported here examined the effects of age, gender, and 4-H involvement in clubs on life skill development of youth ages eight to 18 over a 12-month period. Regression analyses found age, gender, and 4-H involvement significantly influenced life skill development. Results found that females have higher levels of competencies in life skills at the start of the program and were more likely to change in these areas during the year than their male counterparts. This suggests changes in program designs may be needed to better engage, retain, and affect males in life skill development.
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Haas, B. E., Mincemoyer, C. C., & Perkins, D. F. (2015). The Effects of Age, Gender, and 4-H Involvement on Life Skill Development. The Journal of Extension, 53(3), Article 28. https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/joe/vol53/iss3/28