The study reported here examined the effectiveness of 4-H program as perceived by parents of program participants. Descriptive-correlational design was employed, with data collected using a mail survey. Parents perceived 4-H as an effective organization in teaching life skills to youth. Significant relationships were found between parents' skills and skills youth learn in 4-H. Two variables—skills and belonging—explained 28.8% of the variance in youth life skills, suggesting that when parents view that their child's participation in 4-H is important and help demonstrate importance of life skills, then youth learn needed life skills—communications, decision making, and goal setting.
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Radhakrishna, R., Foley, C., Ingam, P., & Ewing, J. C. (2013). Effectiveness of the 4-H Program as Perceived by Parents of 4-H Participants. The Journal of Extension, 51(4), Article 35. https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/joe/vol51/iss4/35