This article examines the impact of social support on older adults' perceived sense of control and resultant feelings of empowerment. A consistent theme of empowerment is the idea of personal control. Using hierarchical multiple regression, results of a randomly dialed telephone survey of rural older adults (n=404) revealed that social support was a significant predictor of perceived sense of control. Other factors, including health, functional abilities, and resources were not significant predictors. Community educational programming that focuses on ways to engage elder support networks may also foster a perceived sense of control, further facilitating feelings of empowerment among older adults.
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Johnston, J. H., Brosi, W. A., Hermann, J. R., & Jaco, L. (2011). The Impact of Social Support on Perceived Control Among Older Adults: Building Blocks of Empowerment. The Journal of Extension, 49(5), Article 20. https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/joe/vol49/iss5/20