The study reported here examined 367 adolescent 4-H participants in terms of demographic, psychological, behavioral, and relational characteristics, as well as their perceptions and experiences in 4-H. Overall, participants scored high on all outcome variables except having a diverse population in their club. Older participants were more optimistic, participated in more deviant behaviors, and were more satisfied with their 4-H experiences in comparison to younger participants. In comparison to boys, girls appeared to be healthier in regards to psychological characteristics, positive behaviors, and relationships with peers and other adults and were more satisfied with their 4-H experiences.
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Bartoszuk, K., & Randall, B. A. (2011). Characteristics and Perceptions of 4-H Participants: Gender and Age Differences Across Adolescence. The Journal of Extension, 49(3), Article 6. https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/joe/vol49/iss3/6