The study reported here surveyed direct service volunteers and agents in 12 states and identified 32 competencies for volunteers who deliver 4-H Youth Development programs and activities. Twenty of the 32 competencies were different when stratified by Extension region, illustrating that volunteer competencies have greater regional differences than previously thought. Volunteer competencies were statistically most different in the Southern region, while competencies in the North Central and Western regions were most similar. A national curriculum that focuses upon the 12 competencies that were not found to be significantly different between regions could be developed.
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Culp, K., McKee, R. K., & Nestor, P. (2007). Identifying Volunteer Core Competencies: Regional Differences. The Journal of Extension, 45(6), Article 5. https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/joe/vol45/iss6/5