We conducted a study to evaluate the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of propane cannons and flagging to reduce or eliminate Canada goose damage to winter wheat. Our preliminary results indicate that propane cannons and flagging offer cost-efficient, non-lethal options for protecting winter wheat from Canada goose damage. Propane cannons seem to be more effective than flags and may be recommended by Extension professionals where applicable and in situations where crop losses exceed the cost to purchase and operate a propane cannon.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 License.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.