This study reported here investigated volunteer service by Ohio 4-H'ers ages 10 to 19. The study's population was randomly sampled by each age category: 66,345 4-H community club members ages 10-14 and 18,233 ages 15-19. Study findings suggest that nearly 100% of 4-H'ers in both age categories are involved in community service. Respondents spent an equal amount of time volunteering through school, out of school, on their own, or through 4-H youth development experiences. The researchers conclude that 4-H youth development has an impact on 4-H'ers performing service but that it is not the only way members are helping others.
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Safrit, R., & Auck, A. W. (2003). Volunteerism, Community Service, and Service-Learning by Ohio 4-Hers in Grades 4-12. The Journal of Extension, 41(4), Article 15. https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/joe/vol41/iss4/15