Dystocia plagues cattle producers throughout Idaho. A team of Extension educators and specialists designed a curriculum and conducted calving schools to teach dystocia management principles and demonstrate methods to reduce stress during birth and enhance the potential for calf survival. Over 300 ranchers and ranch employees attended the intensive, 1-day schools. Pre- and post-tests showed a 47 to 58% increase in attendees' knowledge about dystocia and dystocia management practices. Follow-up telephone surveys conducted 9 months later indicated attendees retained at least a portion of the information taught and saved an average of 1.6 calves per ranch.
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Hawkins, J. N., Zollinger, W. A., & Williams, S. K. (2003). Cowboy Obstetrics--A Calving Primer. The Journal of Extension, 41(1), Article 25. https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/joe/vol41/iss1/25