4-H traditionally focuses on positive youth development, but adult volunteers are the mainstay of the programs. We evaluated the effectiveness of 4-H new leader education and its influence on the skill development of adult volunteer leaders. Using a retrospective pretest method, we found that participants in 4-H new leader training increased their knowledge and readiness to be 4-H leaders. Skills gained from new leader education were also being applied outside of the 4-H context. Planning and carrying out yearly club programs was identified as an area in which current training could be improved.
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VanWinkle, R., Busler, S., Bowman, S. R., & Manoogian, M. (2002). Adult Volunteer Development: Addressing the Effectiveness of Training New 4-H Leaders. The Journal of Extension, 40(6), Article 5. https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/joe/vol40/iss6/5