National 4-H School Enrichment Survey
School enrichment has become the predominant 4-H delivery mode, with 3.7 million youth reached annually. The study reported here examined how it and other modes are used and viewed by Extension staff. Long-term programs such as 4-H clubs have proven effective in helping youth develop life skills, but Extension staff devote efforts to school enrichment because of its efficiency in reaching diverse youth in large numbers and because it has helped develop credibility with community officials and formal education. Extension must carefully consider the purpose and consequences of diverting resources to short-term programs. This may require choosing between "numbers" and "impact" or achieving a balance of the two.
Diem, K. G. (2001). National 4-H School Enrichment Survey. The Journal of Extension, 39(5), Article 11. https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/joe/vol39/iss5/11