Biological Control Strategies in Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Programs

Clemson Extension Program Team


Publication Date

Spring 5-16-2021

Publication Number

LGP 1111


Consumers are becoming more concerned about pesticide usage on ornamental plants and turfgrass in and around their homes, and on the fruits and vegetables they eat. The concerns are not only about the negative health and environmental risks of pesticides, but also over the impacts of neonicotinoids and other broad-spectrum pesticides on pollinators and other beneficial organisms. Many growers and green industry professionals are searching for alternative pest management strategies to satisfy consumer demands and their desire for sustainability and operational flexibility. Many of them are considering biological control, which offers several benefits including reduced reliance on pesticide (thus avoid the cost and potential development of pesticide resistance), flexibility in personal protective equipment, shorter or no requirement on restricted entry interval, and reputational benefit of being a sustainable and responsible grower or professional.

Publication Type

Guide / Booklet


Land-Grant Press by Clemson Extension

Publisher City

Clemson, SC

Target Audiences

Landscape Managers, ornamental plant producers, commercial fruit and vegetable growers, turf managers