This study used a patient-level dataset with over 32,000 surgical cases, where timestamps recorded specific start and end times of key activities. Time durations of each step within the pre-operative, intra-operative, and post-operative phases are analyzed to identify patterns to improve perioperative efficiency, and reduce phases of care durations.
Fredendall, Lawrence; Ferrand, Yann; Taaffe, Kevin; and San, Dee, "Reducing Perioperative Phases of Care Durations through Improved Efficiency" (2019). Graduate Research and Discovery Symposium (GRADS). 260.