The gas turbine, aerospace and nuclear industries are dependent upon nickel-based superalloys to enable these industries to continue to innovate. Without these materials the industries would fail to achieve new heights of efficiency as the strength and operating temperature requirements continue to climb. Nickel-based superalloys thrive in these elevated temperature applications, where their great resistance to creep and corrosion is coupled with remarkably high strength values. These same characteristics that are invaluable to the final operating environment severely degrade their machinability with high cutting forces and aggressive rate of tool wear.
Pleta, Abram and Mears, Laine, "Cutting Force Investigation of Trochoidal Milling in Nickel-based Superalloy" (2016). Publications. 8.