Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Legacy Department

Materials Science


Modified isocyanate binders have been introduced as a possible alternative to phenolic resins for bonding nonwovens in automatic transmission filtration. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) have placed restrictions on worker exposure to phenol-formaldehyde due to toxicological and ecological concerns. Modified isocyanates are unproven for bonding needlefelts in this application.



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