Date of Award

5-2019

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering (Holcomb Dept. of)

Committee Member

Richard Brooks, Committee Chair

Committee Member

Harlan Russell

Committee Member

Adam Hoover

Committee Member

Satyabrata Sen

Abstract

Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE) is a widely used method for the localization of radiation sources using distributed detector networks. While robust, MLE is computationally intensive, requiring an exhaustive search over parameter space. To mitigate the computational load of MLE, many techniques have been presented, including iterative and multi-resolution methods.

In this work, we present two ways to improve the MLE localization of radiation sources. First, we present a method to mitigate the pitfalls of a standard multi-resolution algorithm. Our method expands the search region of each layer before performing the MLE search. Doing so allows the multi-resolution algorithm to correct an incorrect selection made in a prior layer. We test our proposed method against single-resolution MLE and standard multi-resolution MLE algorithms, and find that the use of grid expansion incurs a general decrease in localization error and a negligible increase in computation time over the standard multi-resolution algorithm.

Second, we present a method to perform the MLE localization without prior knowledge of the background radiation intensity. We estimate the source and background intensities using linear regression (LR) and then use these estimates to initialize the intensity parameter search for MLE. We test this method using single-resolution, multi-resolution, and multi-resolution with grid expansion MLE algorithms and compare performance to MLE algorithms that don't use the LR initialization method. We found that using the LR estimates to initialize the intensity parameter search caused a marginal increase in both localization error and computation time for the tested algorithms. The technique is only beneficial in the case of an unknown background intensity.

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