Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management

Committee Member

Dr. Brent Hawkins, Committee Chair

Committee Member

Dr. Jasmine Townsend

Committee Member

Dr. Stephen Lewis


Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder (SSD) is a mental illness that currently has no cure, however, with the use of pharmaceutical and psychosocial treatments, such as Recreational Therapy (RT), symptoms can be managed. RT provides services for individuals with SSD to improve their quality of life by incorporating leisure interests and individual needs into treatment. By utilizing evidence-based practices, such as the Mental Health Recovery Model and recommendations by the Schizophrenia Patient Outcome Research Team (PORT), RT treatment has the possibility to provide more efficient and beneficial treatment in various settings for individuals with SSD. This research study utilized a cross-sectional survey to identify if Recreational Therapists are utilizing evidence-based practices, specifically the Mental Health Recovery Model principles and PORT recommendations, into treatment services for individuals with SSD. Data was collected, analyzed, and reported from 126 surveys completed by RTs that currently or have previously provided treatment for individuals with SSD. Quantitative data revealed that a majority of the participants utilize the Mental Health Recovery Model principles and PORT recommendations into RT treatment. Qualitative data supported the quantitative results by demonstrating how the principles and recommendations are utilized in practice through examples provided by participants.