Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Legacy Department

Civil Engineering


Rangaraju, Prasad


This thesis involves the investigation of the effects of Calcium Magnesium Acetate (CMA) deicers on Portland cement mortar bars. In addition to mass-loss, length change, pulse velocity and soak solution pH, the thesis also contains a rigorous chemical analysis of the mortar completed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in Gaithersburg, MD. The research completed at NIST was done using a technique known as X-ray Mapping. The X-ray techniques were employed to determine the exact nature of the damage caused by CMA. The thesis is a combination of two papers, on the physical effects of CMA and one on the chemical effects both of which contain numerous X-ray maps and examples for using X-ray microanalysis on concrete.