Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Legacy Department

Educational Leadership


Marion, Russ

Committee Member

Campbell , Carl

Committee Member

Olson , Laura

Committee Member

Smith , Scott


Effective leadership has been cited as essential for creating and sustaining effective schools. Selecting, assigning, and retaining such leaders is a difficult task at best. Characteristics and/or skills deemed essential for effective leaders have been identified by researchers; however, many of our schools continue to produce results that are less than desirable. In addition, leaders who may be effective in one setting may not be in another. Research indicates organizational/school culture may be a contributing factor to the success of these leaders. Moreover, research indicates culture may have an impact on the characteristics perceived as effective/ineffective leadership attributes within these organizations. This study builds upon the research conducted by the Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness (GLOBE) organization and was designed to determine if a relationship exists between the organizational culture of schools and the perceptions of what constitutes effective leadership. The results obtained were similar to those obtained in the GLOBE study and indicated variance existed between the groups' perceptions of effective leadership with the exception of charismatic leadership, which was universally endorsed by the participants. This was significant because the GLOBE Leadership scales used in this study had previously been used only with business leaders. These findings indicate the GLOBE leadership scales may provide relevant information for educational leaders as well as for those in the business world.