Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Legacy Department

Rhetorics, Communication, and Information Design


Haynes, Cynthia

Committee Member

Vitanza , Victor J.

Committee Member

May , Todd

Committee Member

Hung , Christina


This essay argues that part of memory is external to ourselves. This memory, which began with writing but has since grown to encompass digital media, the internet, and other forms of new media, faces a two-fold problem in the information age. The first is privatization, which is represented by copyright, and has heretofore received a greater share of scholarly attention. Regulation is represented through the concept of protocols, which are the rules digital media execute in order to perform functions. Protocols are a regulation of external memory, which I argue also represents a threat to deliberation, the form of rhetoric that deals with the future. In order to contend with such controls, we must look to the possibility of the unexpected, which unfolds along the thought of Gilles Deleuze, and in what are known as aleatory methods.