Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



Committee Chair/Advisor

Soura Saha

Committee Member

Julia Brugmahim

Committee Member

Thao Tran

Committee Member

Daniel Whitehead


Coordination-driven self-assembly is an attractive strategy for constructing thermodynamically stable supramolecular coordination complexes, ranging from discrete metallacycles and cages to infinite coordination polymers and metal-organic frameworks for a variety of applications.

Chapter 1 discusses strategies for preparing supramolecular charge-transfer π-donor/acceptor assemblies and their potential applications.

Chapter 2 demonstrates that tricomponent self-assembly method, which was believed to yield 3D-cages, based on tetrapyridyl porphyrin (M’TPP, M’ = Zn or H2), dicarboxylate ligands (XDC), and caped cis-Pt(II) corners, actually yields 2D-bowties featuring an M’TPP core and two parallel XDC linkers held together by four heteroligated PtII(N,O) corners. The 2D-bowties showed selective recognition towards highly π-acidic molecules via strong π-D/A CT interactions. This work emphasizes the importance of accurate characterization to properly depict the structure-property relationships of supramolecular systems.

Chapter 3 illustrates how discrete π-donor/acceptor (π-D/A) stacks can be formed using a preorganized 3D cage having two parallel tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)-Zn-porphyrin (ZnTCPP) faces connected by four bis Pd-clips. The π-donor ZnTCPP faces engage intercalated π-acid molecules in strong π-D/A charge transfer interactions. This work demonstrates how the strong π-D/A charge transfer interactions can be used to improve the optical changes and conductivity of the assembly.

Chapter 4 describes the use of a cis-Pd capped complex to prepare a naphthalene diimide (NDI) metallocycle. The single crystal structure of the metallocycle revealed the presence of non-covalent anion-π interactions between the NDI and counterions, which endowed its anion recognition capabilities. Further analysis showed that the metallocycle underwent anion exchange processes in a single-crystal fashion without any structural changes.

Author ORCID Identifier


Available for download on Friday, May 31, 2024