Date of Award

August 2021

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Automotive Engineering

Committee Member

Yunyi Jia

Committee Member

Ardalan Vahidi

Committee Member

Beshah Ayalew

Committee Member

Pierluigi Pisu


This dissertation is proposed to answer the question: how can the interactions between human and automated vehicles be used to improve the overall performance of automated driving technology? Multiple different modules in automated vehicles such as the perception, motion plan and motion control modules can potentially be benefitted from human-automated vehicle interactions. For perception module, the self-correction of faulty sensors can be achieved using human demonstration data. For motion plan and motion control modules, the performance of the low-level motion controller can be improved with the help of human demonstration, and the behavior of the motion planner can be improved using human intervention data during automated driving. Moreover, a better model for a human driver could improve the overall efficiency and comfort of vehicles in connected mixed traffic. In this dissertation, the technical research toward these goals has been completed and has resulted in several peer-reviewed publications. Optimization methods and model predictive control are used extensively to improve energy efficiency while maintaining safe and comfort driving. An inverse model predictive control (IMPC) method has been developed and it has been proven to be effective in modeling the motion of human driven vehicles. The proposed method has demonstrated its benefits in both connected automated highway driving and the bilateral adaptation of human driver and automated driving controller in human-in-the loop simulations. The proposed future research seeks to broaden the application of IMPC by considering a more comprehensive cost function design and applying it to more complex driving situations.



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