Date of Award

8-2018

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Automotive Engineering

Committee Member

Dr. Zoran Filipi, Committee Chair

Committee Member

Dr. Mark Hoffman, Co-Chair

Committee Member

Dr. Richard Miller

Committee Member

Dr. Robert Prucka

Abstract

Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI), exhibits many fundamentally attractive thermodynamic characteristics. These traits, along with lean charge and low combustion temperatures, generally act to increase thermal efficiency relative to competing spark and/or compression ignition strategies. However, HCCI's extreme sensitivity to in-cylinder thermal conditions, place limits on practical implementation. Thus, at low temperatures, combustion remains incomplete limiting cycle efficiency while increasing emissions. In contrast, the introduction of thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) to in-cylinder surfaces has been shown to fundamentally alter gas-wall interactions. The work in this dissertation explores HCCI/TBC synergies. Both experimental and analytical pathways are explored, attempting to illuminate the impact(s) of coatings on engine heat transfer and combustion metrics. Efforts to correlate TBC thermophysical properties and surface phenomena with HCCI performance and emissions are also explored. Finally, methods are proposed to evaluate the TBC-gas interaction as it relates to thermal stratification of the in-cylinder charge. The present work seeks to identify, and eventually quantify HCCI/TBC synergies. A specific research effort is developed, attempting to illuminate the impact(s) of TBCs on fundamental HCCI combustion metrics. Efforts to correlate TBC thermophysical properties and surface phenomena with HCCI performance and emissions are also proposed. Analysis is enabled through complimentary analytic and experimental pathways - which includes specialized solution methodology and experimental hardware. Combined, these tools enable a more complete qualitative assessment of thermal barrier coating's impact on engine performance and emissions metrics, heat loss at the wall, and ultimately thermal stratification of the in-cylinder temperature field.

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