Date of Award

12-2013

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Legacy Department

Electrical Engineering

Advisor

Dr. Xiao-Bang Xu

Committee Member

Dr. Anthony Q. Martin

Committee Member

Dr. Pingshan Wang

Committee Member

Dr. Vincent J. Ervin

Abstract

Analysis of electromagnetic scattering of buried objects is a subject of great interest due to its practical importance in both military and civil applications, such as subsurface investigation and target detection. In reality, the earth is of layered structure of random rough interfaces, which leads to a greatly increased complexity of the analysis. However, it is necessary to incorporate the nature of random rough surface and the layered structure because they both have substantial impact on the scattered signature and hence affect the study of inverse scattering and detection of buried objects. In this dissertation, a Monte-Carlo multidomain pseudospectral time domain (MPSTD) method is developed for investigating the scattering from cylinders buried below a random rough surface separating two half spaces under various conditions. As a prelude, the formulation of multidomain PSTD algorithm is presented. Then, this formulation is extended and combined with the Monte-Carlo approach to analyze the scattering of an object buried below a random rough surface of finite length. In the analysis, special attention is paid to the treatments of the random rough surface including its profile generation, matching with CGL points, and subdomain patching. Next, the scattering of a cylinder buried below a random rough surface of infinite length is studied and a two-step computation model based on the Monte-Carlo MPSTD method is developed. Further, in order to better simulate the real situation, the analysis is then extended to study the scattering from one or more cylinders embedded in a layered half space with random rough surfaces. Finally, a near-zone field to far-zone field transformation technique is developed and presented. Sample numerical results under different conditions, involving random rough surface of various roughness, lower half space with different permittivities, and cylinders of circular and rectangular shapes are presented, validated, and analyzed. Throughout this research, a numerical technique based on Monte-Carlo method and MPSTD approach has been developed and validated for investigating cylinders buried in a half space with random rough surfaces. It is observed that the roughness of the random rough surface and the electromagnetic properties of the lower half space can significantly affect the scattered signature of the buried object.

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