Identification of condition-specific regulatory mechanisms in normal and cancerous human lung tissue
Abstract Background Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in both men and women. The most common lung cancer subtype is non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) comprising about 85% of all cases. NSCLC can be further divided into three subtypes: adenocarcinoma (LUAD), squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC), and large cell lung carcinoma. Specific genetic mutations and epigenetic aberrations play an important role in the developmental transition to a specific tumor subtype. The elucidation of normal lung versus lung tumor gene expression patterns and regulatory targets yields biomarker systems that discriminate lung phenotypes (i.e., biomarkers) and provide a foundation for the discovery of normal and aberrant gene regulatory mechanisms. Results We built condition-specific gene co-expression networks (csGCNs) for normal lung, LUAD, and LUSC conditions. Then, we integrated normal lung tissue-specific gene regulatory networks (tsGRNs) to elucidate control-target biomarker systems for normal and cancerous lung tissue. We characterized co-expressed gene edges, possibly under common regulatory control, for relevance in lung cancer. Conclusions Our approach demonstrates the ability to elucidate csGCN:tsGRN merged biomarker systems based on gene expression correlation and regulation. The biomarker systems we describe can be used to classify and further describe lung specimens. Our approach is generalizable and can be used to discover and interpret complex gene expression patterns for any condition or species.
figshare Academic Research System
Ficklin, Stephen P.; Shealy, Benjamin T.; Feltus, Frank A.; Hang, Yuqing; Pauly, Rini; Burns, Josh (2022), "Identification of condition-specific regulatory mechanisms in normal and cancerous human lung tissue", figshare Academic Research System, doi: 10.6084/m9.figshare.c.5984540.v1