Date of Award

5-2014

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Legacy Department

Food, Nutrition, and Culinary Science

Advisor

Dawson, Paul L.

Committee Member

Northcutt , Julie

Committee Member

Smith , Doug

Abstract

ABSTRACT This study was conducted to determine the effect of bromelain on duck breast meat tenderization. Duck breasts were marinated with different concentrations (0, 1.5, 3 and 4.5%; C2, B1.5, B3 and B4.5, respectively) of bromelain and a solution composed of 92% refrigerated water, 6% salt and 2% sodium tripolyphosphate by using a vacuum food tumbler machine. A second non-marinated control (C1) was also included. Marination tumbling was operated at 8 RPM for 8 minutes. Physico-chemical and quality parameters were determined on raw and cooked samples. A significant reduction (p<0.05) in pH was observed in all bromelain treated samples when compared to C2. Although there was a significant reduction in pH of B1.5 when compared to C1, there was no significant difference among B3, B4.5 and C1. A significant increase was observed in water holding capacity of B3 and B4.5 when compared to C1. While a significant reduction was observed in lightness (L*), no differences were observed in redness (a*) and yellowness (b*) values of marinated samples (C2, B1.5, B3 and B4.5) when compared to C1. However, a significant increase in lightness (L*), and a significant decrease in redness (a*) and yellowness (b*) were observed in cooked bromelain treated samples. No differences were observed in razor shear forces, moisture content and water activity between treatments. There was no significant difference in cook yield of all marinated samples (C2, B1.5, B3, and B4) when compared to the C1. A significant reduction (p<0.05) in Warner-Bratzler shear force values was observed in all marinated samples when compared to untreated control (C1). Based on results, use of bromelain in marination solutions under the conditions tested here would not be cost effective.

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Food Science Commons

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