Date of Award

12-2010

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Legacy Department

Electrical Engineering

Advisor

Wang, Pingshan

Committee Member

Pearson , Wilson L

Committee Member

Harrell , Rod W

Abstract

High-power short electrical pulses are important for high-performance functionality integration, such as the development of microelectromechanical/nanoelectromechanical systems (MEMS/NEMS), system on chip (SoC) and lab on chip (LoC). Many of these applications need high-power (low impedance load) short electrical pulses, in addition to CMOS digital intelligence. Therefore, it is of great interest to develop new circuit techniques to generate high-power high-voltage short electrical pulses on-chip.
Results on pulse forming line (PFL) based CMOS pulse generator studies are reported. Through simulations, the effects of PFL length, switch speed and switch resistance on the output pulses are clarified. CMOS pulse generators are modeled and analyzed with on-chip transmission lines (TLs) as PFLs and CMOS transistors as switches. In the 0.13 um CMOS process with a 500 um long PFL, post layout simulations show that pulses of 10.4 ps width can be obtained. High-voltage and high-power outputs can be generated with other pulsed power circuits, such as Blumlein PFLs with stacked MOSFET switches. Thus, the PFL circuit significantly extends short and high-power pulse generation capabilities of CMOS technologies. A CMOS circuit with a 4 mm long PFL is implemented in the commercial 0.13 um technology. Pulses of ~ 160 ps duration and 110-200 mV amplitude on a 50 Ohms load are obtained when the power supply is tuned from 1.2 V to 2.0 V. Measurement Instruments limitations are probably the main reasons for the discrepancies among measurement and simulation results.
A four-stage charge pump is presented as high voltage bias of the Blumlein PFLs pulse generator. Since Schottky diode has low forward drop voltage (~ 0.3V), using it as charge transfer cell can have high charge pumping gain and avoid additional control circuit for switch. A four-stage charge pump with Schottky diode as charge transfer cell is implemented in a commercial 0.13 um technology. Charge pump output and efficiency under different power supply voltages, load currents and clock frequencies are measured and presented. The maximum output voltage is ~ 6 V and the maximum efficiency is ~ 50%.

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