Date of Award

5-2014

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Legacy Department

Automotive Engineering

Advisor

Dr. Laine Mears

Committee Member

Dr. Thomas Kurfess

Committee Member

Dr. Mary Beth Kurz

Committee Member

Dr. Maria Mayorga

Abstract

The objective of this research is to test the hypothesis that manufacturing complexity can reliably predict product quality in mixed-model automotive assembly.

Originally, assembly lines were developed for cost efficient mass-production of standardized products. Today, in order to respond to diversified customer needs, companies have to allow for an individualization of their products, leading to the development of the Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS). Assembly line balancing problems (ALBP) consist of assigning the total workload for manufacturing a product to stations of an assembly line as typically applied in the automotive industry. Precedence relationships among tasks are required to conduct partly or fully automated Assembly Line Balancing. Efforts associated with manual precedence graph generation at a major automotive manufacturer have highlighted a potential relationship between manufacturing complexity (driven by product design, assembly process, and human factors) and product quality, a potential link that is usually ignored during Assembly Line Balancing and one that has received very little research focus so far. The methodology used in this research will potentially help develop a new set of constraints for an optimization model that can be used to minimize manufacturing complexity and maximize product quality, while satisfying the precedence constraints.

This research aims to validate the hypothesis that the contribution of design variables, process variables, and human-factors can be represented by a complexity metric that can be used to predict their contribution on product quality. The research will also identify how classes of defect prevention methods can be incorporated in the predictive model to prevent defects in applications that exhibit high level of complexity. The manufacturing complexity model is applied to mechanical fastening processes which are accountable for the top 28% of defects found in automotive assembly, according to statistical analysis of historical data collected over the course of one year of vehicle production at a major automotive assembly plant. The predictive model is validated using mechanical fastening processes at an independent automotive assembly plant.

This complexity-based predictive model will be the first of its kind that will take into account design, process, and human factors to define complexity and validate it using a real-world automotive manufacturing process. The model will have the potential to be utilized by design and process engineers to evaluate the effect of manufacturing complexity on product quality before implementing the process in a real-world assembly environment.

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