The Astrophysical Journal
The American Astronomical Society
The recent discovery of a supernova (SN 1998bw) seemingly associated with GRB 980425 adds a new twist to the decades-old debate over the origin of gamma-ray bursts. To investigate the possibility that some (or all) bursts are associated with supernovae, we performed a systematic search for temporal/angular correlations using catalogs of BATSE and BATSE/Ulysses burst locations. We ﬁnd no associations with any of the precise BATSE/Ulysses locations, which allows us to conclude that the fraction of high-ﬂuence gamma-ray bursts from known supernovae is small (<0.2%). For the more numerous weaker bursts, the corresponding limiting fraction of 1.5% is less constraining due to the imprecise locations of these events. This limit (1.5% ≃ 18 bursts) allows that a large fraction of the recent supernovae used as a comparison data set (18 supernovae ≃ 20%) could have associated gamma-ray bursts. Thus, although we ﬁnd no signiﬁcant evidence to support a burst/supernova association, the possibility cannot be excluded for weak bursts.
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