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The Astrophysical Journal


The American Astronomical Society


The neutrino burst from the collapsed core in Type II supernovae liberates free neutrons by nu, nu-prime(n) reactions which drive isotopic abundances several mass steps heavier. The neutron fluence in the He shell, abetted by another burst 10 s later from alpha, n reactions, is about right for rendering Xe-136, the most abundant Xe isotope. The Xe isotopic composition is a good match to Xe-H, the unshielded neutron-rich Xe component abundant in carbonaceous meteorites. The He shell is implicated because it is the only C-rich shell in massive stars that can be expected to condense solid carbon thermally, a requirement for locating the Xe-H in meteoritic diamonds, which are so common as to require an abundant Galactic source of unoxidized carbon.