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Publication Date


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The Astrophysical Journal


The American Astronomical Society


My analysis of new discoveries by McCulloch and Wasserburg of Ba and Nd isotopic anomalies in inclusions of the Allende meteorite argues that (1) these anomalies contain special extinct radioactivities resulting from radioactive decay within grains formed in and ejected from the supernova interior, (2) the inclusions studied are fused assemblies of interstellar grains that were never totally vaporized, and (3) theoretical separation into r and s abundances suggests that fluctuations between r and s components has occurred during the accumulation processes. These points lend support to a new chemical picture of the early solar system that I have developed, although many interpretations remain possible. Measurements of the neutron-capture cross sections of Nd isotopes are urgently needed to experimentally validate these conclusions.