Feminism in Twentieth-Century Science, Technology, and Medicine
University of Chicago Press
Until the last quarter of the twentieth century women have been very scarce in engineering, so the impact of feminism on engineering might seem like a topic with a very short history. However, somewhat broader definitions of feminism and of engineering bring to light very significant influences of the women’s reform movement of the first half of the twentieth century on industrial and municipal engineering. I first conceptualized this influence as women pushing for regulation that in turn transformed engineering. But as I went deeper into the material I discovered a tremendous amount of travel over the line between reformer and expert.
"What Difference Has Feminism Made to Engineering in the Twentieth Century" in: Feminism in Twentieth Century Science, Technology and Medicine edited by Angela N. H. Creager, Elizabeth Lunbeck, Catharine R. Stimpson, and Londa Schiebinger (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001).