Graduate Research and Discovery Symposium (GRADS)


Amir Poursaee

Document Type



Civil Engineering

Publication Date

Spring 2013


Models have been used before to predict the mechanical and transport behavior of concrete. In most of these studies, aggregates were considered either circle or sphere and the impact of the aggregates geometry and in-homogeneities in concrete structure is ignored. The objective of this study is to develop a novel method for accurate prediction of the mechanical behavior of concrete using quantitative computed tomography (QCT)-based finite element analysis. Concrete cylinders were cast and cured for 28 days. The QCT scans were carried out on the samples using a clinical CT scanner. An image processing method was applied to detect aggregates, paste content and the air voids. The distribution of each phase then calculated in each image slice (2D) and in the bulk material (3D). The processed QCT images were directly converted into voxel-based 3D FE models for linear and nonlinear analyses. The FE models were generated by conversion of each voxel into an 8-noded brick element. Air void content of the cylinders (2D and 3D) was determined. In addition, the aggregates content was estimated using the image analysis. In both cases, the results obtained by the image analysis and the actual measurement and ASTM method are in very good agreement.