Flatheaded Hackberry Borer (Agrilus macer): A Secondary Pest on Sugarberry Trees in the Southern United States
Sugarberry decline has become more common in South Carolina recently, and one insect commonly associated with this issue is the beetle Agrilus macer. While A. macer does not appear to be a primary tree-killing beetle, its presence signifies a stressed tree. This document covers the biology, ecology, and management of A. macer, and touches on its likely role in sugarberry decline.
Poole EM, Ulyshen M, Coyle D. Agrilus macer: A Secondary Pest on Sugarberry Trees in the Southern United States. Clemson (SC): Clemson Cooperative Extension, Land-Grant Press by Clemson Extension; 2020. LGP 1040. http://lgpress.clemson.edu/publication/agrilus-macer-a-secondary-pest-on-sugarberry-trees-in-the-southern-united-states/.