Document Type


Publication Date



U.S. Department of Education Office of Educational Research and Improvement


Among several innovations in public school curriculum and financing, the 1990 Kentucky Education Reform Act (KERA) also included a school-governance provision. School-Based Decision Making (SBDM) Councils include administrators, teachers, and parents in addressing school-level curriculum and instructional issues. These groups have not had a history of collaboration. This paper presents findings of a study that described the developing relationships among these constituent groups at the end of the pilot year. Data were derived from a survey that asked 385 pilot-year School Council members to rate their satisfaction with council communication on a Likert-type inventory. Usable responses were received from 211 members (approximately one-third principals, one-third parents, and one-third teachers) for a response rate of 55 percent. In general, respondents were optimistic about the potential of School Councils. However, principals tended to express the most satisfaction. Older members and those with no children in school also tended to report higher levels of satisfaction with communication.


Documents, reports, and other materials authored by the U.S. government, reside in the public domain and may be freely distributed and copied.

Included in

Education Commons



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.