Impedance-based Arc Fault Determination Device (IADD) and Method

Edward Randolph Collins Jr., Clemson University
Timothy Lee Smith, Clemson University
Randall J. Emanuel

Document Type Patent


Embodiments according to the present invention provide an Impedance-based Arc-Fault Determination Device (IADD) and method that, when attached to an electrical node on the power system and through observations on voltage, current and phase shift with a step load change, determine the effective Thevenin equivalent circuit or Norton equivalent circuit at the point of test. The device and method determine the expected bolted fault current at the test location of interest, which enables calculation of incident energy and the assignment of a flash-hazard risk category.