Four new species and 2 new records of the genus Polyplectropus Ulmer from China are described and illustrated. The new species include Polyplectropus cubitalis Zhong and Yang sp. nov., from Guizhou, Polyplectropus subteres Zhong and Yang sp. nov., from Jiangxi and Zhejiang, Polyplectropus tridentatus Zhong and Morse sp. nov., from Guangxi, and Polyplectropus tianmushanensis Zhong and Yang, sp. nov., from Zhejiang. Two species, Polyplectropus ahas Malicky and Chantaramongkol, 1993, and Polyplectropus anakgugur Malicky, 1995, are newly recorded from China, bringing the number of Chinese Polyplectropus species to 28. The newly recognized Polyplectropus anakgugur Group is probably monophyletic, as evidenced by ventromesal lobes of the inferior appendages short, positioned only at the bases of the inferior appendages.
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