Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
Collins, Edward R
Bridgwood , Michael
Pisu , Pierluigi
This thesis looks at a new design for a dual input bidirectional power converter (DIBPC) for charging and discharging a PHEV battery. The design incorporates a power factor correcting rectifier aimed at optimizing the battery charging efficiency from either a 120 VAC or 240 VAC source or discharging the battery to a usable AC voltage at 120 VAC. For simplicity and cost-effectiveness, the DIBPC is constructed using a standard IGBT 6-pack intended for motor control. The DIBPC is designed specifically to provide efficient operation with 120 VAC and 240 VAC inputs while achieving a very low THDI. The DIBPC also needs to be able to provide AC output power at 120 VAC with the flexibility to output at 240 VAC in the future.
The DIBPC was tested first in simulation, and then in experimentation. The DIBPC consists of two portions, an AC/DC converter and a DC/DC converter. Although both were simulated, only the AC/DC converter was constructed. Testing under various load values and in each mode of operation provided ample data to show the DIBPC can meet all design goals.
When operating as a rectifier, the DIBPC produces between 7.4% and 13.35% THDI and a DC voltage ripple of 8 VP-P or less at 400 VDC. At 120 VAC and 240 VAC an efficiency of 84.5% and 94.6% was achieved, respectively. When operating as an inverter, the DIBPC produces less than 6% THDV and 7% THDI, while outputting a voltage between 114 and 128 VRMS. Overall, the THDI in the charging mode easily meets and exceeds all standards and design constraints set forth, including IEC 61000-3-4. The efficiency with a 120 VAC input, however, is less than expected - about 84%.
Fain, Daniel, "A DUAL INPUT BIDIRECTIONAL POWER CONVERTER FOR CHARGING AND DISCHARGING A PHEV BATTERY" (2009). All Theses. 631.