Date of Award

5-2019

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering (Holcomb Dept. of)

Committee Member

Dr. Melissa Smith, Committee Chair

Committee Member

Dr. Brian Dean

Committee Member

Dr. Adam Hoover

Abstract

There has been a continuous evolution in deep neural network architectures since Alex Krizhevsky proposed AlexNet in 2012. Part of this has been due to increased complexity of the data and easier availability of datasets and part of it has been due to increased complexity of applications. These two factors form a self sustaining cycle and thereby have pushed the boundaries of deep learning to new domains in recent years.

Many datasets have been proposed for different tasks. In computer vision, notable datasets like ImageNet, CIFAR-10, 100, MS-COCO provide large training data, with different tasks like classification, segmentation and object localization. Interdisciplinary datasets like the Visual Genome Dataset connect computer vision to tasks like natural language processing. All of these have fuelled the advent of architectures like AlexNet, VGG-Net, ResNet to achieve better predictive performance on these datasets. In object detection, networks like YOLO, SSD, Faster-RCNN have made great strides in achieving state of the art performance.

However, amidst the growth of the neural networks one aspect that has been neglected is the problem of deploying them on devices which can support the computational and memory requirements of Deep Neural Networks (DNNs). Modern technology is only as good as the number of platforms it can support. Many applications like face detection, person classification and pedestrian detection require real time execution, with devices mounted on cameras. These devices are low powered and do not have the computational resources to run the data through a DNN and get instantaneous results. A natural solution to this problem is to make the DNN size smaller through compression. However, unlike file compression, DNN compression has a goal of not significantly impacting the overall accuracy of the network.

In this thesis we consider the problem of model compression and present our end-to-end training algorithm for training a smaller model under the influence of a collection of "expert" models. The smaller model can be then deployed on resource constrained hardware independently from the expert models. We call this approach a form of compression since by deploying a smaller model we save the memory which would have been consumed by one or more expert models. We additionally introduce memory efficient architectures by building off from key ideas in literature that occupy very small memory and show the results of training them using our approach.

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