Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Legacy Department

Historic Preservation


Dr. Carter L. Hudgins

Committee Member

Dr. Stephanie Crette

Committee Member

Frances H. Ford


Molana Abbey, a ruin located in Ballynatray Demesne, County Waterford, Ireland, has religious roots in the sixth century but much of the structure dates to the eleventh-century. Molana became an important center of religion and education in southern Ireland. After Henry VIII dissolved Irish monasteries in 1546, the former abbey became a part of the land holdings of Sir Walter Raleigh. The abbey was then converted from a religious to a residential structure occupied briefly by English polymath Thomas Harriot. The structure fell into disrepair until the nineteenth-century when Grice Smyth, a new owner, transformed the ruin into a garden folly. At present, the ruin continues to deteriorate, occupying a middle ground between private ownership and government protection and preservation.