Date of Award

5-2011

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Legacy Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering

Advisor

Hubing, Todd H

Committee Member

Pearson , L Wison

Committee Member

Wang , Pingshan

Committee Member

Park , Chanseok

Abstract

This dissertation describes three independent studies related to techniques for reducing unintentional electromagnetic emissions from electronic circuits and systems. The topics covered are: low-inductance multi-layer ceramic capacitor for high frequency circuit board decoupling, the application of imbalance difference model to various circuit board and cable geometries, and balanced cable interface for reducing common-mode currents from power inverter.
The first chapter discusses the importance and the meaning of the connection inductance associated with MLCCs and analyzes the effect of plate orientation in MLCCs. It demonstrates that vertically oriented plates have no more or less inductance than horizontally oriented plates when the overall dimensions of the plate stack are similar. Decoupling capacitance options at the various levels of a high-speed circuit is investigated to determine the range of frequencies that decoupling at each level is likely to be is effective. Innovative low-inductance capacitive-stem capacitor configurations are described and their connection impedance is compared to that of standard surface-mounted capacitors.
The second chapter investigates the imbalance difference model that is a method for modeling how differential-mode signal currents are converted to common-mode noise currents. Various cable geometries to determine how well imbalance factor`s values of DM-to-CM conversion compare to full-wave calculations are explored. The imbalance difference model can be applied to cables with more than two conductors are demonstrated.
The third chapter investigates the balanced cable interface for reducing common-mode currents from power inverter. The concept of a balancing network to reduce the common-mode currents on power inverter cables above 30 MHz is introduced. An experimental test set-up is used to demonstrate the effect of a balancing network on the common-mode current, differential-mode current and the common-mode rejection ratio on a balanced cable with an imbalanced termination. The balancing network is also evaluated using a 3-phase brushless DC motor driver to verify its effectiveness in a real application.

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Engineering Commons

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