Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Legacy Department

Educational Leadership


Flanigan, Jackson L.


ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of an Academy Program on freshman and sophomore attendance, suspensions out of school, PLAN and PSAT scores, and the number of students retained in ninth and tenth grades. With the Academy Program at Gaffney High School, the amount of time spent in mathematics and English language arts classes was doubled, staff development was provided, instructional methods were changed, data was analyzed to modify instruction, and successes were celebrated. School data from two years before and two years after implementation were examined to determine whether any significant differences existed. Results from the study indicated significant differences in student attendance for freshmen and sophomores, the number of out-of-school suspensions for freshmen, PLAN mathematics scores for tenth-grade students, and the number of sophomores retained in grade. This study provides information that educational leaders will find helpful in identifying strategies that create and sustain positive change.