Date of Award

8-2017

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering (Holcomb Dept. of)

Committee Member

Professor Richard E. Groff, Committee Chair

Committee Member

Professor Keith A. Corzine

Committee Member

Professor William R. Harrell

Committee Member

Professor Daniel L. Noneaker

Committee Member

Professor Shitao Liu

Abstract

As an important part of the smart grid, the micro-grid interfaces with distributed energy sources, loads and control devices. A doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) based wind turbine (WT) is the main power source of the presented project. The DFIG system is connected to the three phase AC grid via back-to-back power converter and an LCL filter. Decoupled q-d control strategies are investigated for the DFIG system. Matlab/Simulink results will show the performance of the proposed system. Hardware validation results are also presented and discussed. As a rapidly increasing research interest area the dc micro-grid has been extensively investigated. A topology is proposed to connect the DFIG based WT system to a dc link using a diode bridge and a three phase power converter. The rotor side of the DFIG is connected to the dc link through a converter while the stator is connecting to a three phase diode bridge with the dc side connected to a dc link. The control method is developed to regulate the stator frequency and the d-q axis voltage of the diode bridge to operate the DFIG at a desired stator frequency and generate the required power. Undesired harmonics in the three phase system will lead to excessive THD, a decrease the power quality and an increase the power loss of the system. An novel methods to compensate the current harmonics by controlling the power converter of the DFIG system is also proposed. With the DFIG connected to the three phase AC gird, the focus has been put into a scenario: a nonlinear load connected to the same node of the DFIG point of common coupling (PCC) to the gird, to draw the harmonics to the system. In the proposed dc link system, the diode bridge will introduce harmonics to the stator current of the DFIG. In both cases, the selected low-order harmonics are detected and calculated by a multiple reference frame estimator. The control methods of how to regulate the harmonics are developed for both the grid-side converter and the rotor-side converter based on multiple reference frame theory. A hybrid state observer for speed-sensorless motor drives of induction machines is also proposed. The hybrid observer comprises of a Luenberger observer and a sliding mode observer. For a conventional induction motor with shorted rotor, the stator currents and rotor flux linkages are estimating following a Luenberger observer. While, for a DFIG the similar approach will apply to the stator currents and rotor currents. The rotor speed is estimated using a sliding mode observer. The combination of two observers takes advantage of both approaches. The Luenberger observer is easy to realize and the computational burden is small. The sliding mode observer is known for its robustness with respect to model parameter errors and it will also provide a fast convergence rate. The chattering of the sliding mode observer is addressed by applying a boundary layer.

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