Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Dr. Paul W. Wilson, Committee Chair
Dr. Robert Tollison
Dr. F. Andrew Hanssen
Dr. Daniel Miller
This ﬁrst chapter uses neighborhood vacancies as a proxy for foreclosures and examines their impact on the value of surrounding neighborhood properties.
Often, the negative spillover of a foreclosure results from decay of the foreclosed property. Existence of a foreclosure within a neighborhood is proxied for by a vacant structure within 300 feet of the observed unit, resulting in a lower bound foreclosure externality.
Using the special neighbor sample of the American Housing Sample waves 1985, 1989 and 1993, small neighborhoods are observed and categorized into racially diﬀerent neighborhoods (black, integrated or white neighborhood). Additionally, neighborhood-speciﬁc averages are constructed, such as mean income, crime and other characteristics. Estimating an hedonic housing price model, this study ﬁnds a decrease of about 15 percent for houses located within close proximity to a vacant structure. The eﬀect is even bigger, approximately 18.5 percent, if a house is located near a vacant house in a black neighborhood vs. a white neighborhood.
These results suggest that a negative foreclosure eﬀect exists, but that it diﬀers in magnitude depending on the type of neighborhood as well as the general location of the neighborhood (i.e., city center, urban or rural).
The second chapter investigates the impact of a municipality’s ﬁnancial condition on the housing values within a municipality. The data consist of 68,882 housing units located in 175 cities through 115 MSAs across 42 states. Information on the housing units’ and owner’s characteristics are drawn from the 2011 IPUMS and supplemented with MSA-level economic condition variables. The municipal ﬁnancial information is drawn from the 2010 government census and consists of very detailed information of every local government’s ﬁnances. The empirical results provide evidence that the ﬁnancial state of a municipality aﬀects local housing values.
Anders, Anne, "How Much is your Home Worth? Essays on Housing Value and its Determinants" (2015). All Dissertations. 1802.