Date of Award

12-2015

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Legacy Department

Electrical Engineering

Committee Member

Dr. Adam Hoover, Committee Chair

Committee Member

Dr. Ian Walker

Committee Member

Dr. Kumar Venayagamoorthy

Committee Member

Dr. Jacob Sorber

Abstract

This work considers the problem of filtering a system in which the dynamic noise occasionally has an impulse value that is an order of magnitude or more larger than its typical expected distribu-tion. This is particularly challenging when the ratio of measurement noise to typical dynamic noise is large enough that the impulse dynamic noise cannot be easily distinguished from a large random occurrence of measurement noise. A new filter model is proposed using a multiple model approach in which one of the models is an impulse. The implementation of the model is demonstrated in a Kalman filter framework. Simulation results show the improvement of the new filter over existing methods across a range of measurement, typical, and impulse dynamic noises. The filter is then ap-plied to three different problems: 2D human motion tracking using ultra-wideband (UWB) position measurements, power system state estimation on a coupled bus, and handling outlier measurement noise in UWB tracking. In each case the new filter demonstrates a 2-4% improvement over existing state-of-the-art techniques.

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