Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Legacy Department

Curriculum and Instruction

Committee Chair/Advisor

Dr. Roy I. Jones

Committee Member

Dr. Lienne F. Medford

Committee Member

Dr. Robert C. Knoeppel

Committee Member

Dr. James L. Moore, III


In this multi-case study the researcher explored the specific challenges faced by four rural/town elementary schools located in South Carolina. Challenges were identified based on the perceptions of the faculty, staff, and administration at those schools. The researcher examined how those perceived challenges were addressed in each school. The results of this study do not represent a generalization of all schools in South Carolina with similar demographic make-ups. Rather than provide generalizable data, the results of this study provide a detailed analysis of the school climate, Strengths, and Areas for Improvement as perceived by the faculty, staff, and administration at the schools that participated in this study. The participating schools were selected from rural/town areas of South Carolina based on geographic location, demographic data, and state reported school ratings. The researcher evaluated the schools chosen for this study to ensure that demographic data in terms of proportions of racial/ethnic minority students and poverty levels were similar. The student populations for all of the schools included in this study were predominantly composed of low-income students and students of color.



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