A one-step approach for the synthesis and integration of copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) onto paper-based carbon electrodes is herein reported. The method is based on the pyrolysis (1000 ºC under a mixture of 95% Ar / 5% H2 for 1 hour) of paper strips modified with a saturated solution of CuSO4 and yields to the formation of abundant CuNPs on the surface of carbonized cellulose fibers. The resulting substrates were characterized by a combination of scanning electron microscopy, EDX, Raman spectroscopy as well as electrical and electrochemical techniques. Their potential application, as working electrodes for non-enzymatic amperometric determination of glucose, was then demonstrated (linear response up to 3 μM and a sensitivity of 460 ± 8 μA∙cm-2∙mM-1). Besides being a simple and inexpensive process for the development of electrochemically active substrates, this approach opens new possibilities for the in-situ synthesis of metallic nanoparticles without the traditional requirements of solutions and adjuvants.
Durán, Gema M.; Benavidez, Tomás E.; Giuliani, Jason; Ríos, Ángel; and Garcia, Carlos D., "Development and Application of Cu-Modified Carbon Electrodes from Pyrolyzed Paper Strips" (2016). Chemistry Annual Research Symposium. Paper 10.