Date of Award

8-2010

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Legacy Department

Food, Nutrition, and Culinary Science

Advisor

Haley-Zitlin, Vivian

Committee Member

Bodine , A.B.

Committee Member

Barron , Felix H

Abstract

Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) has been steadily rising in the United States. The condition is characterized by elevated blood glucose levels and is preceded by insulin resistance. Before the onset of T2D patients go through a state of pre-diabetes. To be tested for pre-diabetes and diabetes, either a Fasting Plasma Glucose test or an Oral Glucose Tolerance Test may be used. While an estimated 24 million Americans have T2D, another 57 million Americans are estimated to be in a state of pre-diabetes. There are many risk factors that may contribute to the development of T2D including obesity, a high calorie diet, lack of physical activity, genetic factors and aging. The complications associated with T2D may affect the kidney, nerves, eyes and feet. The prevalence of T2D continues to increase in the US and around the world including the developing world. Lifestyle interventions have been shown to be an effective way of treating and delaying T2D. There is a need for an effective intervention to reduce the rising incidence of T2D.

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